AskDefine | Define April

Dictionary Definition

April n : the month following March and preceding May [syn: Apr]

User Contributed Dictionary



apprile, re-Latinized from aueril, from avrill, from Aprilis, month of the goddess Venus, perhaps based on Etruscan Apru, from Greek Αφροδίτη (Afrodíte), Venus


  • (UK): /ˈeɪprɪl/, /"eIprIl/ or as US
  • (US): , /ˈeɪprəl/, /"eIpr@l/

Proper noun

  1. The fourth month of the Gregorian calendar, following March and preceding May. Abbreviation: Apr or Apr.
  2. A given name for somebody born in April; used since early 20th century.
fourth month of the Gregorian calendar


Proper noun


Related terms





April m

Extensive Definition

April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. It became the fourth month of the calendar year (the year when twelve months are displayed in order) during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The derivation of the name (Latin Aprilis) is uncertain. The traditional etymology from the Latin aperire, "to open," in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open," is supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of ἁνοιξις (opening) for spring. Since most of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, and as April was sacred to Venus, the Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was originally her month Aphrilis, from her Greek name Aphrodite (Aphros), or from the Etruscan name Apru. Jacob Grimm suggests the name of a hypothetical god or hero, Aper or Aprus.
The Anglo-Saxons called April Oster-monath or Eostur-monath, the period sacred to Eostre or Ostara, the pagan Saxon goddess of spring, from whose name is derived the modern Easter. St George's day is the twenty-third of the month; and St Mark's Eve, with its superstition that the ghosts of those who are doomed to die within the year will be seen to pass into the church, falls on the twenty-fourth. In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood takes place in their third month, which frequently corresponds to our April. April is known to be "National Poetry Month" The Finnish called this month Huhtikuu, or 'Burnwood Month', when the wood for beat and burn clearing of farmland was felled.
The month of April begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Aries and ends in the sign of Taurus. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Pisces and ends in the constellation of Aries. The signs of the zodiac do not necessarily coincide with the actual constellations for which they are named. The precession of the equinoxes, a phenomenon discovered c. 130 BC by Hipparchus and known to Ptolemy, results in a shift between the two systems of about one degree every 70 years. The vernal equinox lay near the beginning of the Aries constellation around 500 BC, consistent with a Babylonian origin of the system.
The "days of April" (journées d'avril) is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the procès d'avrill.
The birthstone of April is the diamond or the sapphire, and the birth flower is typically listed as either the Daisy or the Sweet Pea. However, a few questionable online soucers also cite the Tulip, as well.
In The Waste Land, T. S. Eliot called April "the cruellest month".
April starts on the same day of the week as July in all years, and January in leap years.

April holidays and events


External links

April in Afrikaans: April
April in Tosk Albanian: April
April in Old English (ca. 450-1100): Ēastermōnaþ
April in Arabic: أبريل
April in Aragonese: Abril
April in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܢܝܣܢ
April in Franco-Provençal: Avril
April in Asturian: Abril
April in Guarani: Jasyrundy
April in Aymara: Yapu apthapi phaxsi
April in Azerbaijani: Aprel
April in Bengali: এপ্রিল
April in Min Nan: 4 goe̍h
April in Belarusian: Красавік
April in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Красавік
April in Bosnian: April
April in Breton: Ebrel
April in Bulgarian: Април
April in Catalan: Abril
April in Yakut: Муус устар
April in Chuvash: Ака
April in Cebuano: Abril
April in Czech: Duben
April in Corsican: Aprile
April in Welsh: Ebrill
April in Danish: April
April in German: April
April in Dhivehi: އެޕްރީލް
April in Lower Sorbian: Jatšownik
April in Estonian: Aprill
April in Modern Greek (1453-): Απρίλιος
April in Erzya: Чадыков
April in Spanish: Abril
April in Esperanto: Aprilo
April in Basque: Apiril
April in Ewe: Afɔfiɛ
April in Extremaduran: Abril
April in Persian: آوریل
April in Faroese: Apríl
April in Fijian Hindustani: April
April in French: Avril
April in Western Frisian: April
April in Friulian: Avrîl
April in Irish: Aibreán
April in Gan Chinese: 四月
April in Manx: Averil
April in Scottish Gaelic: An Giblean
April in Galician: Abril
April in Korean: 4월
April in Armenian: Ապրիլ
April in Upper Sorbian: Apryl
April in Croatian: Travanj
April in Ido: Aprilo
April in Igbo: April
April in Iloko: Abril
April in Indonesian: April
April in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): April
April in Interlingue: April
April in Icelandic: Apríl
April in Italian: Aprile
April in Hebrew: אפריל
April in Javanese: April
April in Kannada: ಏಪ್ರಿಲ್
April in Georgian: აპრილი
April in Kashubian: Łżëkwiôt
April in Kazakh: Сәуір
April in Cornish: Mys Ebrel
April in Kirghiz: Апрель
April in Swahili (macrolanguage): Aprili
April in Haitian: Avril
April in Kurdish: Avrêl
April in Ladino: Avril
April in Lao: ເມສາ
April in Latin: Aprilis
April in Latvian: Aprīlis
April in Luxembourgish: Abrëll
April in Lithuanian: Balandis
April in Ligurian: Arvî
April in Limburgan: April
April in Lingala: Sánzá ya mínei
April in Lombard: April
April in Hungarian: Április
April in Macedonian: Април
April in Malagasy: Aprily
April in Malayalam: ഏപ്രില്‍
April in Maltese: April
April in Maori: Paenga-whāwhā
April in Marathi: एप्रिल
April in Malay (macrolanguage): April
April in Dutch: April
April in Dutch Low Saxon: April
April in Japanese: 4月
April in Neapolitan: Abbrile
April in Norwegian: April
April in Norwegian Nynorsk: April
April in Narom: Avri
April in Novial: Aprile
April in Occitan (post 1500): Abril
April in Central Khmer: ខែមេសា
April in Low German: April
April in Polish: Kwiecień
April in Portuguese: Abril
April in Kölsch: Apprill (Moohnd)
April in Romanian: Aprilie
April in Quechua: Ayriway killa
April in Russian: Апрель
April in Northern Sami: Cuoŋománnu
April in Scots: Aprile
April in Albanian: Prilli
April in Sicilian: Aprili
April in Simple English: April
April in Silesian: Kwjećyń
April in Swati: Mábasa
April in Slovak: Apríl
April in Slovenian: April
April in Somali: Abriil
April in Serbian: Април
April in Serbo-Croatian: April
April in Sundanese: April
April in Finnish: Huhtikuu
April in Swedish: April
April in Tagalog: Abril
April in Tamil: ஏப்ரல்
April in Kabyle: Yebrir
April in Tatar: Äpril
April in Telugu: ఏప్రిల్
April in Thai: เมษายน
April in Vietnamese: Tháng tư
April in Tajik: Апрел
April in Tok Pisin: Epril
April in Turkish: Nisan
April in Ukrainian: Квітень
April in Urdu: اپريل
April in Volapük: Prilul
April in Võro: Mahlakuu
April in Walloon: Avri
April in Vlaams: April
April in Waray (Philippines): Abril
April in Yiddish: אפריל
April in Yoruba: April
April in Contenese: 4月
April in Samogitian: Balondis
April in Chinese: 4月
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